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Desborough Study: Transcriptions


DESBOROUGH is a parish and town, on the main road from Kettering to Market Harborough, with a station on the Midland main line of railway, 6 miles north-west from Kettering, 18 north from Northampton and 81 from London, in the Northern division of the county, hundred of Rothwell, petty sessional division, union and county court district of Kettering, rural deanery of Rothwell (second portion), archdeaconry of Northampton, and diocese of Peterborough. The parish was governed by a Local Board of 9 members, created by an Order of the Northamptonshire County Council, confirmed by Local Government Order, No. 27,418, dated September 3, 1891, but under the provisions of the "Local Government Act 1898" (56 and 57 Vict. c.74), an Urban District Council of 12 members has been formed.

The church of St. Giles is a cruciform building of stone, in the Early English and later style, consisting of chancel, clerestoried nave, aisles, transepts, north porch and a western tower with pinnacles and octagonal spire, containing 5 bells and a new clock, placed in 1889 at a cost of £120, raised by public subscription : there are several ancient monuments to the Poulton family, members of which, for fourteen generations, held the lordship of the manor : the church has been completely restored : partially new roofed, the gallery removed, a lectern, prayer desk and pulpit added, and the interior re-floored and re-seated at a cost of about £400 : there is a stained window on the south side. The register dates from the year 1571, but there is a vacancy in the register of baptisms and burials from 1679 to 1686, and of marriages from 1681 to 1695. The living is a vicarage, net yearly value £150, including 115 acres of glebe, with residence, in the gift of W. C. Clarke-Thornhill esq. and held since 1894 by the Rev. Percy James Boyer M.A. of Balliol College, Oxford. There are Wesleyan Methodist, Baptist and Congregational chapels, and Christian assembly rooms.

The Oddfellows' Hall, erected in 1888, is used for all kinds of entertainments.

The manufacture of boots, shoes, stays and the raising of iron ore gives employment to a great many hands.

The Loakes charity consists of a sum of £65 15s. 4d., the interest on which, under a scheme of the Charity Commissioners dated 17 December, 1897, is devoted to the general purposes of the poor. The charities include one of £238, left in 1834 by the late Mrs. Mary Biggs, of Desborough, the interest to be given in prizes and rewards to the children of the Sunday school. Buckly's, Sewell's and East's charities, of £2 6s. annual value, are distributed. The town land now (1898) produces about £15 per annum, which sum is distributed amongst the poor of the parish; the church land produces £11 10s. yearly for church purposes. The urban district council have the power of appointing trustees of the parochial charities.

The Manor House is the residence of George Harrison Champion Holden de Crespigny esq.  The principal landowners are William Capel Clarke-Thornhill esq. J.P., D.L. of Rushton Hall, who is lord of the manor, Oscar William Holden-Hambrough esq. J.P., D.L. of Pipewell Hall, and Mrs. Wise of Walton Hall, near Burton-on-Trent. 

The soil is clay and sand and contains ironstone; subsoil, various. The chief crops are wheat, barley, turnips and oats. The parish extends over 2,399 acres; rateable value, £12,255; the population in 1891 was 2,872.

Sexton, Matthew Coe.

POST, M.O. & T.O., T.M.O., Express Delivery, Parcel Post, S.B. & Insurance & Annuity Office.-- William Marlow, sub-postmaster. Letters through Market Harborough (Leicester) are delivered at 7.45 a.m. & 5.30 p.m.; dispatched at 8.50 a.m. & 12.30, 5.55 & 8.30 p.m. week days only; there is no delivery or dispatch of letters here on sunday. 

WALL LETTER BOX, near station, cleared 8.55 a.m. & 12.40, 5.55 & 8.45 p.m.


Meets at the Board School, fortnightly, on the second tuesday at 6.30 p.m.


Chairman, George Ward Sumner
Vice-Chairman, John George Bird

Retire in April, 1899
Charles Feakin A. Panter
F. C. Fenton R. M. Sanders
Retire in April, 1900
John George Bird George Marlow
Thomas Clark Jonathan Reuben Moore
Retire in April, 1901
Joseph Cheaney George Ward Sumner
Joseph Marlow Ralph Winsall


  • Clerk, Charles William Lane, George street, Kettering
  • Treasurer, Orlando Edmonds
  • Medical Officer of Health, Henry Gibbons M.B., C.M. Glendkindie house
  • Surveyor & Sanitary Inspector, Wm. Turner Streather
  • Police Station, P. Thomas, sergeant, & 1 constable
  • Desboro' Volunteer Fire Brigade Station, with a steam fire engine, Dixon Palmer, captain

A School Board of 7 members was formed Aug. 24, 1878; C. Burgoine, Market Harborough, clerk to the board; Joseph Barnes, Desborough, attendance & inquiry officer.

Board School (mixed & infants), built, with master's residence, in 1878, at a cost of about £3,500, & enlarged in 1891 for 180 boys, 180 girls & 200 infants; average attendance, 170 boys, 160 girls & 180 infants; Henry Wallis, master; Miss Laura Hully, mistress; Miss Kate Blunt, infants' mistress.

National School (mixed), built in 1885, at a cost of about £600, for 90 children, with a full average attendance; Miss Fanny Cooke, mistress.

The old National School, rebuilt in 1894, is still used, and will hold about 30 scholars.

Railway Station, Thomas Gadsby, station master.

CARRIERS:-- John Crick to Kettering on fri; William Palmer to Market Harborough & Rothwell tues & sat.


Boyer, Rev. Percy James M.A. (vicar)
Buckle, William
Cheaney, Joseph
de Crespigny, George Harrison Champion Holden J.P. Manor House
Fenton, Frederick C
Gadsby, Thomas
Gibbons Henry M.B. Glenkindie house
Martin, James
Moore, Jonn. Reuben, Desborough house
Near, Rev. Isaac (Baptist)
Riley, Frederick
Sheavyn, John
Shorten, Rev. Richard (Congregational)
Streather, William Turner
Wallis, Henry

Asher Ann (Mrs.)draper
Asher, Frank Andrewcycle agent
Ball, John Henryblacksmith
Bamford, BenjaminFarmer
Barnes, Josephschool attendance & inquiry officer
Bird, Jessegrocer
Bird John George grocer, draper, & wine merchant
Bird, Samuelironmonger
Bloore, Thomas Williaminsurance agent, Harborough road
Blunsum, Henrybaker
Burditt, H. & Co. stay & corset manufacturers
Burkett, Williamboot dealer
Chater, Joseph Woolstonfarmer
Cheaney, Josephwholesale boot & shoe manufacturer
Clarke, Thomasfarmer
Clements, Geo.miller (steam & water)
Coe, Henrybeer retailer
Coe, Johnshopkeeper & beer retailer
Conservative Club(Wm. Worrall, sec)
Crick, William rate collector
Daisley, Williamfarmer, Daisley Lodge farm
Dawkins Joseph, senbuilder, carpenter & contractor
Dean, Herbertchemist
Desboro' Co-operative Boot & Shoe Manufacturing Society Limited
Desboro' Gas Co. Limited (Dixon Palmer, manager)
Desboro' Industrial & Provident Co-operative Society Limited (Jesse Marlow, sec)
Desboro' New Building Society (Henry Wallis, sec)
Desboro' Reading Room & Temperance Institute Lim. (John Hodges, sec)
Desboro' Volunteer Fire Brigade (Dixon Palmer, captain)
Desboro' Working Men's Club & Institute Limited (Wm. Hall, sec)
Dillon, Charlesshopkeeper
Dillon, Charles Carewboot & shoe manufacturer
Dines, Joseph Allan Angel P.H. & butcher
Dodson, Johnbeer retailer
Eales, Eliza (Mrs.) grocer
Feakin, Charles shopkeeper
Foster, John tailor
Freer, Miller general dealer
Gibbons, Henry M.B., C.M. surgeon, & medical officer of health to Desboro' urban district council, Glenkindie house
Ginns, John grazier
Ginns, Mark shopkeeper & gardener
Groocock, George grindery dealer
Gutteridge, William hairdresser
Hief, Julius Rudolf watch & clock ma
Hornsby, Arthur King's Arms P.H.
Humfrey, Richard (exors. of)maltster, grazier & corn merchant
Jones, Danielcarpenter & wheelwright
Kendall, Rowland Underwoodhair dresser & tobacconist
Kilborn, Charlotte (Mrs.) milliner & dress maker
Kilborn Herbertbutcher
Kilborn, Thomas Rtplumber & glazier
Lane, Charles William solicitor & commissioner for oaths, clerk to the guardians & assessment & school attendance committees of Kettering union, to Barford, Glendon & Rushton united district school board, & to Desborough urban & Kettering rural district councils; attends every tuesday; & at George street, Kettering
Leago, Elizabeth (Miss) dress maker
Leicestershire Banking Co Lim. (Jn Horn, manager) (open wed. & sat. 10 a.m. to 12.30 p.m.; draw on London & Westminster Bank Limited
Liner, Ann (Mrs.)farmer & brick & tile manufacturer
Liner, George butcher
Liner, Tom pork butcher
Marlow, George shopkeeper
Marlow & Sonprinters, stationers & news agents, Post office
Marlow, Henrycoal merchant
More, James M.D. surgeon, surgery; & at Rothwell
Morris, Alfred grocer & newsagent
Muskett, Henry farmer
Nichols, Son & Clow wholesale boot & shoe manufacturers
Page, Clarke boot & shoe maker
Page, Hiramshopkeeper & chimney sweeper
Page, Owenboot & shoe maker
Riley, Benjamin wholesale boot & shoe manufacturer
Ruddick, Caroline (Mrs)shopkeeper
Sheavyn, John draper
Shepperson, John Thomas grocer & provision dealer
Stamford, Spalding & Boston Banking Company Limited (agent); open wed. & sat. from 9.30 a.m. to 12.30 p.m. (William Atkins, manager); draw on Barclay, & Co. London E C
Streather, Wm Turner architect, surveyor & inspector to the urban district council
Sumner, George Wardfarmer & horse dealer
Symington R. & W. H. & Co. stay manufrs. (Morris Coe manager)
Tailby William, jun. butcher & farmer
Tailby Wm. W. Farmer
Thacker, John New inn
Toone & Black wholesale boot & shoe manufacturers
Turner, William & Edward wholesale boot & shoe maker
Turner, Alfred florist
Turner, Jane (Mrs.) butcher
Turner, Joseph Henry florist
Turner, Sl florist & market gardener
Wallis, Henryschoolmaster
Waterhouse, Reynolds & Co stay manufacturers (Wm. Chas. Buckle, manager)
Webb Brothers tailors
West & Ellis coal, coke & lime merchants
West Thomasshopkeeper
Whitmee, Jn Sl farmer, The Grange
Wood Johnfarmer
Wyatt, Horace grocer
Yeomans, James blacksmith
Yeomans Montagushopkeeper
Yorke, James (Mrs.)market gardener

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